In Spain have proliferated the so-called “urban corpses” after the crisis, hundreds of urban projects were abandoned half-built. Many urban development mega-projects remain today with empty streets, no-way traffic circles and abandoned water and electricty supply networks. In this image we can see an abandoned urban project in Escúzar, Granada, Spain.
From early twenty-first century begins to be discussed the transformative potential and social function of urban and regional planning. The reality is that too many sectoral plans do not achieve their goals, too many plans that attempt to rationalize the consumption of land are never approved and too many plans that attempt to avoid the destruction of heritage, soil and nature are substantially modified or finally rejected. The great paradox of territorial planning in Spain is that although most of the regions have laws and plans for rational and sustainable land management, the result differs little from the time of the Francoist developmentalism in which there was no territorial planning of any kind.
Both from the world of journalism, and the social movements and later Academy, begins to sharply criticize the neoliberal planning paradigm in Spain. It begins to seriously question the paradigm of growth and sustainable development as an ideology or set of policies that have proved devastating for the environment and broad layers of the population. It is proposed a review in depth of the character of the spatial and urban planning that goes far beyond planning and change raises a whole social model and life, as detailed below:
|Growth oriented neoliberalism||The commons|
|Economic relationships||Market-oriented economies||Social, sustainable and collaborative economies|
|Life philosophy||Individualism, materialism, consumerism||Activism, ecologism, communitarism|
|Technology||Technology dependence, Planned obsolescence||Emancipation, technology as a tool|
|Housing access||Private market with long-life mortgages; private property||Collaborative construction; housing cooperatives, urban commons; self-construction|
|Labour||Minijobs, flexibilization, permanent job insecurity||Co-working, cooperativism, shared economies, time banks|
|Environment||Environmental exploitation, environment as a theme park, environmental impact assessment||Re-adaptation to natural circles|
|Land||Res nullius, economic factor||Res communis, social policy, commons|
|Politics||Representative democracies||Direct democracies|
This research area explores and analyzes new alternative forms urban and spatial planning based on the commons. We study social and political projects that aims to change the governance paradigm as something remote and static or totally permissive with the consumption of land and resources to new paradigms based on the commons, citizen participation, creative, multi-scale and mutlidisciplinar planning visions, with tools like masoveria or urban commons, land stewardship or cooperatives.